Long Pulsed Nd: YAG

Frequently Asked Questions

  • 1Is the long Pulsed Nd: YAG available at all Skin and Body Renewal branches?
  • 2What is the Long Pulsed Nd: YAG?
  • 3What skin conditions can the Long Pulsed Nd: YAG treat?
  • 4How does the Long Pulsed Nd YAG work?
  • 5How long does the procedure take?
  • 6How many treatments will I need?
  • 7When will I see results?
  • 8What can be expected after a long Pulsed Nd: YAG treatment ?
  • 9Why would one use the long Pulsed Nd: YAG to treat common skin conditions ?
  • 10Is the long pulsed Nd YAg FDA approved?
  • 11Can the Long Pulsed Nd: YAG laser be used in ethnic/ dark skin types ?

Long Pulsed Nd: YAG treatments are available in Johannesburg at the Morningside, Parkhurst, Bedfordview,Fourways and Illovo clinics. In Pretoria at Irene and Brooklyn as well as in the Western Cape at Cape Quarter, Claremont, Constantia, Somerset West, Stellenbosch and Willowbridge branches and KwaZulu Natal in Hillcrest and Umhlanga.

The long pulsed Nd; Yag has also been successful in treating common skin conditions. It would also be anticipated that significantly fewer instances of crusting, blistering, pigmentation problems and other adverse epidermal effects would occur with 1064-nm Nd:YAG laser irradiation.

Long pulsed Nd: YAG lasers are being used for treating many skin conditions such as

  • Warts/ plantar warts,
  • Spider veins,
  • Red Cherry spots,
  • Skin tags
  • DPN – Dermatosis Papulosis Nigrans (also known as “Morgan Freeman Spots”)
  • Seborrheic keratosis (senile warts)
  • Toe fungus (Onchymycosis)
  • Ingrown hairs or Razor bumps
  • Unwanted hair
  • Unwanted veins

Laser treatment is based on the principle of photo-dermal or photo-mechanical destruction of the target tissue. Target structures (blood vessels and pigmented lesions) absorb the monochromatic coherent light of specific wavelengths and fluence. Light energy gets converted to thermal energy, thus destroying the target structure. Depending on the pulse duration and energy density, this may result in the coagulation or blasting of these structures.
When a 1,064-nm long-pulsed Nd:YAG laser is used on the skin, a strong laser pulse is absorbed by red structures or by raised, pigmentetd structures such as cutaneous blood vessels or hair or DPN or senile warts. As a result, the target structures heat up rapidly and burst or coagulate. Upon blood vessel rupture, purpura appear, which subside 5 to 7 days later. This destruction may obliterate the nutrient supply to the wart or destroy the rapidly dividing epidermal cells that contain HPV.
For toe fungus or fungus under the finger nails, tiny pulses of light from the laser pass through the nail to the fungus underneath. The fungus is irradiated without any damage to the surrounding nail or skin.

  • For other conditions such as warts the long pulsed Nd: YAG laser heats up the vascular supply of the lesion and thereby cauterizes the lesion.
  • For pigmented lesions such as DPN and Senile Warts , the melanin is the chromophore (or target) which is picked up by the laser to treat the lesion.

Depending on the condition treated , the treatment will take 10-20 minutes.

The long pulsed Nd: YAG laser is a quick and painless way to treat the above skin conditions . Depending on the severity of the skin condition, usually 1 to 2 treatment sessions are needed 4 - 8 weeks apart.

Results are not noticeable immediately following treatment. For nail fungus, as your nail grows out, the new nail growth should be clear. Toe nails grow slowly –especially nails infected with fungus. So, it may take 6-12 months for your toenail to clear.

For other conditions, the final result is usually observed after 2 to 4 weeks when the skin has fully healed. For veins, it may take up to eight weeks to see a result.

Depending on the condition treated , minimal destruction of the surrounding tissue is anticipated with long-pulsed Nd:YAG lasers. Side effects are generally mild and do not prevent normal activity.

Commonly used methods of physical destruction include surgical excision, electro-desiccation, cryosurgery or carbon dioxide laser therapy. Invasive methods have the drawbacks of pain and long recovery periods.

Chemical destruction can be induced with salicylic acid, cantharidin, formaldehyde, or glutaraldehyde, among other agents. Topical management requires the application of drugs for long durations and treatment success is, therefore, highly dependent on patient compliance.

The FDA (Food and Drug Administration) has approved the long pulsed Nd: YAG laser system for all the above mentioned treatments in all skin types, including darker skin photo-types.

The development of long-pulsed Nd:YAG lasers, such as the Cutera CoolGlide which have longer pulse durations, has increased the scope of laser treatmentsto include all skin types. Difficult to treat razor bumps or PFB can now be successfully treated in black skins as well.

The Long pulsed Nd YAG has revolutionized our ability to permanently reduce hair growth in dark-skinned individuals with black hair. This new laser combines longer wavelengths with longer pulse durations— the time in which skin is exposed to the laser—and cooling devices to bring down the temperature of the skin following treatment. The longer pulse durations allow more energy to be delivered to the skin, and cooling devices help prevent burning. Micro second Nd YAG lasers can be used safely on black skins as well with no downtime at all.

2 Reviews (average: 5 out of 5)

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*Please note results may vary by individuals.
Review -Great, effective yet comfortable treatment!
Reviewed on 30 September 2015 by Jenna Lange*

I have tried multiple hair removal lasers, but have always had average results, even with courses of up to 12 treatments. My session was comfortable and less painful thatn any other due to the icing technique used by Yoscha. She explained each step of the ways during the session. I am extremely happy with the results so far and look forward to this hair loss journey with Skin Renewal & Yoscha.

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Review -Laser gen for wart removal!
Reviewed on 8 July 2015 by A.H From Morningside*

4x Warts were removed immediately thanks to laser treatment. After regular, continuous noneffective treatments at a GP, which cost me thousands of rand's and excruciating pain, the spots were removed immediately and without pain

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